Faculty: Cecilia Maria Cracco, MD, Charles Scales, MD and Allen Chiura, MD

Moderator: Margaret Pearle, MD and Adrian Joyce, MD

Cecilia Maria Cracco, MD

  • 1989: Degree in Medicine and Surgery, University of Torino (110/110 cum laude). 
  • 1990 and 1996: attendance for 8 months at the Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, University College London, London, U.K. (supervisors prof. G. Gabella and prof. G. Burnstock), as guest researcher. 
  • 1991-1994: PhD student in Ophtalmologic Sciences, University of Torino. 
  • 1994-1999: Residency in Urology, Urological Clinic, University of Torino. 
  • November 1999: Specialization in Urology, University of Torino (70/70 cum laude and “menzione onorevole" 
  • May 2000: Urologist, Division of Urology, SS. Annunziata Hospital of Savigliano (Cuneo). 
  • November 2002: Urologist at Urological Clinic, S. Luigi Gonzaga Hospital of Orbassano (Torino), position D, C2 from March 2007. 
  • May 2008: Researcher in Urology, University of Torino, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, always working at the Urological Clinic at the S. Luigi Gonzaga Hospital of Orbassano (Torino). Position C1 from 2009. 
  • February 2011: Urologist at the Urology Department, Cottolengo Hospital of Torino (still working there nowadays). 
  • Member of many national and international urological societies, 12 prizes for videos, presentations and research, research funding for many years, constant teaching activity since 1990 for University, Masterclasses and courses. 
  • Reviewer for many international journals, editor for WJUrol, consultant and tutor for various companies, part of the EAU and SIU Faculties, in the scientific board of Advanced Endourology Courses in her hospital
  • She published >250 papers, including more than 100 indexed papers in extenso, invited book chapters including that on the Smith Textbook of Endourology 4th edition on ECIRS, and a Springer book on ECIRS in 2014, and is referee for many international journals. 
  • Regular activity as first surgeon, in particular bipolar TURP, URS/RIRS, Greenlaser vaporization of the prostatic adenoma, bipolar and laser en-bloc TURB, PDD and SPIES TURB, ECIRS, totally-en-bloc low-power no-touch HoLEP and ThuFLEP, with some invited surgeries since 2013.


Charles Scales, MD

Charles D. Scales, Jr., MD MSHS FACS is Associate Professor of Surgery and Population Health Science in the Division of Urologic Surgery at Duke University School of Medicine, and Director of the Duke Surgical Center for Outcomes Research & Equity in Surgery (SCORES). He completed medical school and residency training in urology at Duke University Medical Center. After residency, Dr. Scales completed the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program at UCLA, where he received advanced training in health services research, health policy, and quality of care.

Dr. Scales has a strong interest in medical education, having previously served on the ACGME Review Committee for Urology and as a member of the ACGME Board of Directors. He currently leads a course in quality improvement and data analytics in the Masters of Management in Clinical Informatics program at the Duke University School of Medicine.

From the research perspective, Dr. Scales has a longstanding interest in the epidemiology of and patient care for urinary stone disease. Recent studies have redefined the epidemiology of urinary stone disease in the United States, compared the effectiveness of dominant stone removal technologies, and identified new opportunities for improving patient-centered and policy-relevant outcomes, such as unplanned care after procedural interventions. His research and perspective on urinary stone disease has been highlighted in U.S. News & World Report, Reuters, NPR, and the Wall Street Journal, among other media outlets.

Currently, Dr. Scales leads a diverse health services and clinical research program at the Duke Clinical Research Institute, where he is the Principal Investigator for the Scientific Data and Research Center for the NIDDK Urinary Stone Disease Research Network (U01). Within the USDRN, he leads the multicenter Prevention of Urinary Stones with Hydration (PUSH) randomized clinical trial, and the multicenter Study to Enhance Understanding of Stent-Associated Symptoms (STENTS) cohort study.


Allen Chiura, MD

Dr Allen Chiura is a Zimbabwean born Urological Surgeon who lived and practiced in the United States for 30 years. He did his undergraduate and graduate work at The American University in Washington DC before attending The Medical College of Pennsylvania for medical school. This was followed by specialty training in Urology, beginning at Howard University Hospital and completed at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital where he was Chief Resident finishing in 1998. He then went into private practice in Delaware, Ohio and finally Oregon where he was a Clinical Assistant Professor at Oregon Health Sciences University. He returned to Zimbabwe in 2012 to open his urology practice and to facilitate the training of young urologists at Parirenyatwa Government Teaching Hospital in Harare, Zimbabwe where he now Head of the Urology Unit.
Dr Chiura is the Past President of Alliance Francaise Board, past Board Member of Culture Fund of Zimbabwe, current Board Member of the National Sports and Recreation Commission of Zimbabwe. He is a board member of Pulse Pharmaceuticals Group and Kapnek Trust. He is a member of the Medical and Dental Council’s Education Liaison Committee and is currently the treasurer of the Association of Urological Surgeons of Zimbabwe.
Together with wife Dr. Nozipo Maraire, they are Co-Presidents of the Discovereum, the first and only Children’s Museum, in Zimbabwe.


Margaret Pearle, MD

Dr. Pearle is Professor and Vice Chair of Academic Affairs in the Department of Urology with a dual appointment in Internal Medicine at UT Southwestern Medical Center and holder of the Ralph C. Smith Distinguished Chair in Urologic Education. She has been involved in numerous academic initiatives in stone disease, including serving as chair of the AUA Medical Management of Kidney Stones Guideline Panel in 2014 and as President of the ROCK Society in 2007. She received the AUA Gold Cystoscope Award in 2003, the Robert C. Flanigan Education Award and 2012, the Hugh Hampton Young Award in in 2016 and the Barringer Medal from the prestigious American Association of Genitourinary Surgeons (AAGUS) in 2018. She served on the Board of Trustees of the American Board of Urology, becoming President in 2013-14. She currently serves as President-elect of the Endourological Society and is the immediate past Secretary General. She is a member of the Royal College of Surgeons, Glasgow.


Adrian Joyce, MD

I am an Honorary Consultant Urologist at St James’s University Hospital (Leeds UK) with a specific subspecialty interest in Endourology and Upper Tract Minimally Invasive Surgery including Laparoscopy. My research interests have focused on the management and research of Renal Cell Cancer and Urinary Stone disease but latterly on issues relating to training and the provision of Urological Services. I have been co-author of a text book on Laparoscopy in Urology and author of several chapters on Stone Management and Laparoscopy.

From 2016 – 2018 I had a continuing educational commitment with the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh to a project supporting the urological trainees in Myanmar. From 2015, I have been involved with a Global Education project for the Endourological Society involving Hands on Training courses and became their Director of Education in September 2017. In the pandemic I set up the Masterclass webinar programme for the Society with the aim to deliver high-quality content dedicated to concepts and surgical techniques in Endourology & Robotics. I am honoured to be the current President of the Endourological Society.